An introduction to the city of Shiraz

Shiraz is one of Iran’s historical and cultural cities, which is also known as the city of orange blossoms. shiraz is one of the best cities in iran.

Why should we travel to Shiraz?

  • Some of the best and most well-known ancient attractions in Shiraz such as Persepolis, Pasargad complex, Cyrus’s sanctuary, palaces, castles, and cities from the Sasanian era, Naqsh-e Rustam, and Naqsh‑e Rajab are all located in the vicinity of Shiraz.
  • A series of the best historical and architectural structures in Iran like Nasir al-Molk mosque, Vakil complex, Atigh central mosque, Quran gate, Karim-khani Arg, and etc are located in this city.
  • Some of the best and most beautiful gardens of Iran like Eram Garden, Ghavam Orangery, Delgosha Garden, Ghasr al-Dasht and others are in this city.
  • Due to the presence of several modern and traditional shopping centers, Shiraz is one of the best cities in Iran for shopping.
  • Shiraz is one of those cities that have great weather conditions. Therefore, a trip to this city would be a joyful and pleasant experience.
  • A number of the best and brightest Iranian scholars and poets such as Hafez, Sa’di, Khajavi Kermani, and others are buried in this city.
  • It is one of the top 5 tourist destinations in Iran.
  • Shiraz is among the best Iranian cities in the field of health tourism.
  • The city is very well-known for having hosted a staggering number of business, scientific, medical and other kinds of exhibitions.

Fun facts about Shiraz

Shiraz is known to have lots of different nicknames, like “the third major religious place in Iran”, the Garden City, The city of flowers and birds (nightingales), city of poets, the land of lovers, the city of orange blossoms, Love city, Secret city, and the city of Persian poetry and literature.

Shiraz was one of Iran’s first cities to have a gas supply pipeline.

After Tehran and Tabriz, it was the third city to have a municipal building.

Shiraz was recognized as the capital of Iran during the reign of dynasties like Al-e-Booyeh, The Persian Atabaks, Al-e-Injo, Al-e-Mozaffar, and Zandians.

The first Iranian urban bus company was founded in Shiraz.

Shiraz international exhibition, is the largest expositive center in the south.

Shiraz international airport is the second international airport in Iran, after that of Tehran.

There used to be an event called “The art celebration”, which was commemorated annually in Shiraz between 1347 and 1357, and was, at the time, considered to be one of the biggest cultural events in the world.

Necessary information  for travel and tourism

Traveling to any city would be so much more enjoyable and easier if you have the right info about your destination’s culture, tourist attractions, local foods, and so on and so forth. We’ll try to explore Shiraz from a touristic standpoint in this part.

Foods and delicious stuff in Shiraz

Like in many other Iranian cities, the foods in Shiraz are really diverse. The people of Shiraz often eat the special herbal soup of their city for breakfast. Yogurt and dates are always on the table as well. If you pay attention to their recipes, you’ll notice that rice is the main component of their foods and they use meatballs (used in Koofteh-rizeh), instead of pieces of meat (used in Ghormeh or Gheymeh). Often times in autumn, they eat their food with fresh Shirazi limes, and when the sun goes down, they enjoy snacks like lettuce and pickled vegetables in their gatherings.

Shirazi Kalam-polo :

Special Kalam-polo is one of the most delicious and popular foods in Shiraz. The ingredients used to prepare this food, include Ghamari cabbage, minced meat, herbs (like tarragon, dill, basil, and leeks) and chickpea powder. Minced meat is first mixed with chickpea powder, pepper and salt, and then shaped into balls, and ultimately fried in oil and some lime juice. After straining the rice, it is combined with the cabbage and the special herbs and then cooked for an hour or so, at which point the meatballs are added to it.

Shirazi Yakhni :

Yakhni, which is Shirazi stew, is made of meat, chickpeas, onions, and potatoes. First, the meat, the chickpeas, and the onions are mixed with spices and cooked in water, and then the potatoes are added. After the cooking is over, everything is strained, mashed and eaten. The liquid portion of it is also consumed, after being mixed with pieces of bread.

Shirazi “Shekar-polo” :

This food is a sweet-tasting type of polo, exclusively made by Shirazi people from sugar essence, rice, saffron, and silvered almonds. In order to prepare this food, first the rice is mixed with water and turmeric and then steamed on the stovetop. The rice is then poured on a tray using a spatula and the mixture of sugar essence and saffron is added to it, after that the rice is steamed again. Once the Shekar-polo is completely steamed, sweetened tangerine peels and silvered almonds are poured on top of it. The people of Shiraz usually eat this kind of Polo with Gheimeh stew.

Yogurt Aash (soup) :

Aash is one of Shirazi people’s favorite foods. When you go to Shiraz, you’ll see a lot of stores where all sorts of traditional Shirazi Aash are prepared and distributed. Yogurt Aash is one of the most famous kinds of Aash in Shiraz, which is really popular among the locals of this region. Rice, fried onions, split peas, vegetables, and yogurt are the main ingredients. The rice and the split peas are cooked together and dill and tarragon are later added to the mix. The meat is cooked with onions and spices and then mashed and added to everything else. Once everything is completely cooked, the yogurt is added. This kind of Aash is a lot thicker compared to other kinds.

Vegie Aash :

This one is one of the most popular kinds among Shirazi folks. Locals of Shiraz often prepare this aash to be served as give-away food in various ceremonies. Vegie aash is made of tarragon, chives, meat, rice, navy beans, lentil, chickpeas, oil, and cinnamon, and it is often times served with hot oil, fried onions, lime juice, and Sangak bread.

Shirazi Faloodeh :

You can’t go to Shiraz and not be tempted to get a taste of this delicious dessert; It is a dessert with lots of fans all over the country, and its best kind is made in the city of orange blossoms. To prepare Faloodeh, Shirazi folks first dissolve some starch in water and heat it on a mild flame. Once thickened, the substance is poured in a copper cylinder and compressed with a wooden stick. The bottom of this container is shaped like a colander, which shapes the starch into long thin noodles and pours them into another container filled with ice cubes. As a result, the faloodeh noodles start freezing immediately. Ultimately, a syrup of sugar, water, and sometimes rose water is poured on top of the noodles and then a little scented Shirazi lime juice is also added, at which point the faloodeh is finally ready to be consumed.

Shirazi salad :

Can anyone be found in Iran who doesn’t enjoy eating Shirazi salad? This famous salad is found on most Iranian tables and has plenty of fans. Shirazi salad is made of small pieces of tomato, cucumber, onion, and dried mint as well as some lime juice. The tomatoes, the cucumbers, and the onions are chopped into pieces and then the mint and the lime juice (or sour grape juice) are added.

Masghati :

One of the most well-known tasty snacks that you can enjoy while in Shiraz, is masghati. Of course, the best kind of masghati has its roots in the city Larestan, Fars and some of its finest kinds are sold in every store in town. Masghati is actually a form of “Halva” made from pistachio starch. This dessert has many different kinds; saffron-flavored masghati, pistachio chip masghati, Damask rose masghati, barberry masghati and etc.

The snacks, foods, and delicious stuff of Shiraz are not limited to this list and form only a small part of the culinary culture of Shiraz. Vegie balls, Shirazi bean polo, Shirazi double onions, pomegranate aash, Shirazi cookies, burned almonds and etc are some of the other delicious foods in Shiraz.

Souvenirs and handicrafts of Shirazi

Distillates: Different kinds of distillates known as “Shatareh”, Nastaran, pussy willow, atraj, tarooneh, Bahar narenj, Chehel-giah mint, Kasni, syrup of limes and orange, Golgavzaban, and Kialak

Inlay: Inlaying is one of the delicate art forms and handicrafts in Iran, made by carefully putting together delicate pieces of wood in different colors.

Silver work: One of the most beautiful forms of handicrafts found in traditional and modern Shirazi markets, is silver work. A form of art considered to be a branch metal-work, in which silver formed into many different shapes and used to decorate things.

Namad: Namad is some kind of carpet is mostly common among the nomads of Fars county. A lot of patience is required to make namad. It is made camel wool or sheep wool.

Gelim and Rend: Gelim is another form of handicraft known in Shiraz and Fars province, and it’s made of silk, goat wool, sheep wool, and other materials, and its available in the market in several colors and sizes, with many different patterns. Rend (or Soozani), another kind of handicraft in shiraz, is a form of Gelim unique to Fars, which is woven by Ghashghayi nomads, using small and delicate fibers in both light and dark colors.

Straws and weaving straws: Straws and things made from them, are one of the most famous handicrafts of Fars province. Booria (or straw) is what they call the fibers of palm trees or paper reeds, which is used to make ground cloth.

Yookheh: It is a kind of pastry made of thin dough. Sugar powder and sometimes cinnamon are spread on the dough. This kind of pastry is known as Kak in other cities like Kermanshah.

Rangink: This fortifying and nutritious pastry is one of the delicious and popular snacks in the cities of southern provinces like Fars, Kerman, Khuzestan, and hormuzgan. Especially during Ramadan, this snack becomes the centerpiece of the Iftar tables in the south.

Other Shirazi souvenirs include lime juice, lime, sour grape juice, orange blossoms, rose water of Meymand, dried noodles of Shirazi faloodeh, Geevehs (some sort of slip-on shoes), decorative tiles, embroidery and especially the kind made Abadeh, tiles of seven colors, Jajim, Shirazi rug, miniature work, enamels, glass pottery, etching and etc.

Final words

Today, we took a stroll with you through one of the most beautiful and pleasant cities in Iran and got to know about different aspects of it. We obtain some information about its various attractions and tourist sites and added some details to our knowledge of its customs, souvenirs and foods.

What are YOUR thoughts on the city orange blossoms, Secret city, The city of Persian literature?

In your personal opinion, what sets Shiraz apart from other Iranian cities?

In case you have any more interesting information about Shiraz, in addition to what we just provided you with, we’d really appreciate it if would share it with us and our friends, right here at the end of this very article.